Paula Cushing's Publications

Paula E. Cushing, Ph.D.


Curator of Invertebrate Zoology, Department of Zoology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Denver, Colorado 80205 USA E-mail: Paula.Cushing@dmns.org; Web: /science/museum-scientists/paula-cushing, http://www.solpugid.com, http://spiders.dmns.org/default.aspx; Phone: (303) 370-6442 Fax: (303) 331-6492

 

Publications

In Revision

Cushing, P.E.,  J.O. Brookhart, D. Laudier, E. Knowlton, & L. Prendini. Sensory organs on the pedipalps of camel spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Arthropod Structure and Development.

Cushing, P.E. Solifugae: Introduction. In: Handbuch der Zoologie. Vol. III. Arthropoda (excl. Hexapoda). Part 2: Arachnida, Chelicerata (Ed. L. Prendini).

 Cushing, P.E., L. Prendini, M.S. Harvey & A. Gromov. Solifugae: Classification of Solifugae. In: Handbuch der Zoologie. Vol. III. Arthropoda (excl. Hexapoda). Part 2: Arachnida, Chelicerata (Ed. L. Prendini).

Cushing, P.E. Solifugae: External Morphology. In: Handbuch der Zoologie. Vol. III. Arthropoda (excl. Hexapoda). Part 2: Arachnida, Chelicerata (Ed. L. Prendini).

Published

Kerzicnik, L.M., F.B. Peairs, P.E. Cushing, M.L. Draney & S.C. Merrill. 2013. Spider fauna of semiarid eastern Colorado agroecosystems: diversity, abundance, and effects of crop intensification. Environmental Entomlogy 42(1): 131-142.

Cushing, P.E. 2012. Spider-ant associations: an updated review of myrmecomorphy, myrmecophily, and myrmecophagy in spiders.Psyche2012(2012), Article ID 151989, 23pp. Doi:10.1155/2012/151989.

Cushing, P.E. & P. Casto.  2012. Preliminary survey of the setal and sensory structures on the pedipalps of Camel Spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Journal of Arachnology 40:123-127.

Kerzicnik, L.M., E.G. Chapman, J.D. Harwood, F.B. Peairs & P.E. Cushing. 2012. Molecular characterization of Russian weat aphid consumption. Journal of Arachnology, 40:71-77.

Conrad, K.R. & P.E. Cushing. 2011. Observations on hunting behavior of juvenile Chanbria (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Journal of Arachnology 39(1):183-184.

Slowik, J., & P.E. Cushing. 2009. Redescription and transfer of Geolycosa grandis (Banks 1894) (Araneae, Lycosidae) to the genus Hogna. Journal of Arachnology 37(3):261-265.

Catenazzi, A., J.O. Brookhart, P.E. Cushing. 2009. The natural history of coastal Peruvian solifuges with a redescription of Chinchippus peruvianus and an additional new species (Arachnida, Solifugae, Ammotrechidae). Journal of Arachnology 37(2):151-159.

Cushing, P.E. 2008. Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Pp. 3490 - 3508 In: (Capinera, J.L., ed.) Encyclopedia of Entomology,2nd ed. vol. 4. Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Cushing, P.E. & J.A. Slowik. 2007 (published in 2008). Re-curation of alcohol-preserved specimens: comparison of gradual versus direct specimen transfer on specimen condition and assessment of specimen value. Collection Forum 22(1-2):1-9.

Cushing, P.E., V. Pliler & C.S. Ware. 2007 (published in 2008). Potential effect of residual anti-parasitic compound in muscle tissue on a museum dermestid beetle colony. Collection Forum 22(1-2):45-52.

Klann, A.E., A.V. Gromov, P.E. Cushing, A.V. Peretti & G. Alberti. 2008. The anatomy and ultrastructure of the suctorial organ of Solifugae (Arachnida).  Arthropod Structure and Development 37:3-12.

Brookhart, J.O. & P.E. Cushing. 2008. The Hemerotrecha banksi group (Arachnida, Solifugae), a diurnal group of solifuges from North America. Journal of Arachnology 36(1): 49-64.

Slowik, J. & P.E. Cushing. 2007(2008). A description of the female wolf spider Captocosa texana (Araneae, Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 35(3):543-545.

Roberts, A.K., D.M. Smith, R.P. Guralnick, P.E. Cushing, J. Krieger. 2008. Outline morphometric approach to identifying fossil spiders: a preliminary examination from the Florissant Formation. Pp. 105-116 In: Special Paper 435: Paleontology of the Upper Eocene Florissant Formation (eds. H.W. Meyer & D.M. Smith). Geological Society of America.

Slowik, J.A. & P.E. Cushing. 2007. A redescription of Hogna coloradensis (Banks) (Araneae, Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 35(1):46-53.

Nadeau, L., P.E. Cushing, B.C. Kondratief.  2006. Effects of fire disturbance on grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) assemblages of the Comanche National Grasslands, Colorado.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 79:2-12.

Ubick, D, P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing, & V. Roth (eds).  2005.  Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society.

Cushing, P.E.  2005.  Chapter 1. Introduction. Pp. 1-17 In: Ubick, D, P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing, & V. Roth (eds).  2005.  Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society.

Cushing, P.E. J.O. Brookhart, H.-J. Kleebe, G. Zito, & P. Payne. 2005.  The suctorial organ of the Solifugidae (Arachnida, Solifugae).  Arthropod Structure & Development, 34(4):397-406.

Brookhart, J.O., & P.E. Cushing.  2005.  Three new species of Solifugae from North America and a description of the female of Branchia brevis (Arachnida, Solifugae).  Journal of Arachnology, 33: 127-133.

Cushing, P.E.  2004. Spiders.  pp. 2067 - 2082 in In (Capinera, JL, ed):  Encyclopedia of Entomology, vol. 3.  Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Brookhart, J. O. & P. E. Cushing.  2004.  The systematics of the Eremobates scaber species-group (Solifugae, Eremobatidae).  Journal of Arachnology, 32:284-312.

Vetter, R.S., P.E. Cushing, R.L. Crawford, L.A. Royce.  2003.   Diagnoses of brown recluse spider bites (loxoscelism) greatly outnumber actual verifications of the spider in four western American states.  Toxicon, 42:413-418.

Vetter, R. S., A. H. Roe, R. G. Bennett, C. R. Baird, L. A. Royce, W. T. Lanier, A. L. Antonelli and P.E. Cushing. 2003.  Distribution of the medically-implicated hobo spider (Araneae: Agelenidae) and its harmless congener, Tegenaria duellica in the United States and Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology, 40(2):159-164.

Brookhart, J.O. and P.E. Cushing.  2002.  New species of Eremobatidae (Arachnida, Solifugae) from North America. Journal of Arachnology 30:84-97.

Cushing, P.E. and R.G. Santangelo.  2002.  Natural History of Zodarion rubidum (Araneae, Zodariidae).  Journal of Arachnology 30:618-621.

Cushing, P.E.  1998.  Population structure of the ant nest symbiont,  Masoncus pogonophilus (Araneae:  Linyphiidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 91(5):626-631.

Cushing, P.E.  1997.  Myrmecomorphy and myrmecophily in spiders:  a review.  Florida Entomologist, 80(2):165-193.

Reiskind, J. and P.E. Cushing.  1996.  Study of a narrow hybrid zone between two wolf spiders, Lycosa ammophila and Lycosa ericeticola in North Florida (Araneae, Lycosidae).  Revue Suisse de Zoologia, 1(12):543-554.

Cushing, P.E. 1995. Natural History of the Myrmecophilic Spider, Masoncus pogonophilus Cushing, and its Host Ant, Pogonomyrmex badius (Latreille). Dissertation, University of Florida, 142 pp. Available at: http://www.archive.org/details/naturalhistoryof00cush

Cushing, P.E.  1995.  Description of the spider Masoncus pogonophilus (Araneae, Linyphiidae), a harvester ant myrmecophile.  Journal of Arachnology, 23:55-59.

Cushing, P.E. , and B.D. Opell.  1990.  Disturbance behaviors in the spider Uloborus glomosus (Araneae, Uloboridae):  possible predator avoidance strategies.  Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68:1090-1097.

Cushing, P.E., and B.D. Opell.  1990.  The effect of time and temperature on disturbance behaviors shown by the orb-weaving spider Uloborus glomosus (Uloboridae).  Journal of Arachnology, 18:87-93.

Opell, B.D., G. Roth, and P.E. Cushing.  1990.  The effect of Hyptiotes cavatus (Uloboridae) web-manipulation on the dimensions and stickiness of cribellar silk puffs.  Journal of Arachnology, 18:238-240.

Cushing, P.E.  1989.  Eggsac defense in the spider Uloborus glomosus (Uloboridae).  Psyche, 96:269-277.

Opell, B.D. and P.E. Cushing.  1986.  Visual fields of orb web and single line web spiders of the family Uloboridae (Arachnida, Araneida).  Zoomorphology, 106:199-204.

Popular and Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

Cushing, P.E. & J.O. Brookhart. Camel Spiders. Grizmek Animal Encyclopedia (in review).

Cushing, P.E. 2010. Spider Myths Answered. Catalyst, October/November: 12.

Cushing, P.E. 2007. There's a Beetle in My Bread. Skipping Stones Magazine (for children). Nov. - Dec.: 14-15.

Cushing, P.E. and M. Francis.  2005.  Chapter 1. Survey of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Fort Sill, Comanche Co., Oklahoma.  Pp. 10 - 69 In:  Survey of Selected Arthropod Taxa of Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma, III.  C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University.

Cushing, P.E.  2004.  Hypothesis or theory? Letter to the Editor.  American Scientist, Sept/Oct 2004:

Cushing, P.E.  2004.  Spinning a web of wonder.  Museum Monthly, June/July 2004: 4-5.

Cushing, P.E.  2003.  Real-life spider men and women come to the museum.  Museum Monthly, DMNS, July 2003:  18-19.

Cushing, P.E.  2002.  India:  a Traveler's Diary.  Museum Monthly, DMNS, 3(5):18-20.

Peairs, F.B., W.S. Cranshaw and P.E. Cushing.  2002.  Spiders in the Home.  Insect Series:  Home & Garden.  no. 5.512 Colorado Cooperative Extension. http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/insect/05512.html.

Cushing, P.E.  1999.  Spinning the Web:  the Past, Present, and Future of Arachnology at the Denver Museum of Natural History.  Museum Quarterly, DMNH, 8(2):2-7.

Cushing, P.E.  1999.  Vials and Vials of Spiders.  Museum Quarterly, DMNH, 8(2):16-17.

Cushing, P.E.  1999.  The Big World of Small Creatures.  Mountain, Plain and Garden:  the Magazine of Denver Botanic Gardens, 56(1):49-58.

Cushing, P.E.  1999.  In Leaps and Bounds.  Wild Outdoor World.  Sept./Oct. 1999.

Cushing, P.E.  1998.  Insect farmers.  Highlights for Children.  March: 12-13.

Cushing, P.E.  1997.  Book review of Biology of Spiders by R.F. Foelix.  Quarterly Review of Biology, 72(4):481.

Dissertation

Natural history of the myrmecophilic spider, Masoncus pogonophilus Cushing, and its host ant, Pogonomyrmex badius (Latreille) - Cushing, Paula Elizabeth
http://archive.org/details/naturalhistoryof00cush

Video Projects

  • 2010: The Truth About Spiders, Science Bites (3 minute online DMNS product): /science/science-bites/the-truth-about-spiders
  • 2009:  Mortal Lessons (70 minute film addressing end-of-life issues). Produced by David Liban; Associate Producer, Paula E. Cushing.
  • 2006: Perspectives on Death & Dying video (1/2 hour video presenting different religious and cultural perspectives about end-of-life issues) produced by Paula E. Cushing

Teaching Experience

Workshops, Classes, and Outreach Lectures (1998 - present)

  • Spider fact and fancy: identification, biology, and management (DMNS, area universities, University of Wyoming, Buffalo Bill Museum various public groups)
  • Spider Biology and Identification (DMNS, area universities and schools, University of Wyoming, University of Northern Colorado, various public groups)
  • General Arachnology, Adult Programs short course (DMNS)
  • Spider Biology, Adult Programs short course (DMNS)
  • Colorado Spider Survey: a Citizen Science Project and How it Works (DMNS)
  • Spider Fact and Fancy (DMNS, CSU, Butterfly Pavilion)
  • Travels Through Poland (DMNS for Volunteer Enrichment Committee)
  • Spider in Space and Update on Spider in Space lectures (DMNS)
  • Birders, Bigfoot and Bond, James Bond (DMNS, co-presenter with Aaron Spriggs)
  • Science in Action live broadcasts to school groups (DMNS)
  • Camel Spiders: the Weirdest Spiders Ever? (DMNS, CSU)
  • Insects in the Diet  (Fort Collins main public library for school children)
  • An ant by any other name - could be a spider! (DMNS)
  • Spiderman Demystified, adult programs evening program (DMNS, with three other arachnologists)
  • Spider biology short course (University of Wyoming)
  • Colorado Spider Survey training workshops (DMNS, area State Parks, area universities, Butterfly Pavilion, etc.)
  • Teacher training workshops on various subjects (DMNS)
  • Presentation about Perspectives on Death and Dying Video for Children's Hospital "Good Grief at Noon" lecture series for hospice workers and palliative care professionals
  • Spiders of Medical Importance (DMNS, Wyoming for the public and medical professionals, CSU, University of Wyoming, El Paso County Extension, Parker County Water and Sanitation District)
  • Spider lectures for various elementary schools regionally
  • Presentations with school groups on entomology, arachnology, and museum curation (primarily in DMNS but also offsite at schools)
  • Schoolyard Bugs and Creek Critters Teacher's Workshop (DMNS)
  • Halloween Spider Discovery program at the Butterfly Pavilion
  • Arthropod Identification Class (DMNS)
  • Animal Architects, Adult Education short course (DMNS)
  • Introduction to Evolutionary Biology, Adult Education short course (DMNS)

 

College and University Teaching Experience

  • Population and Community Ecology (College of Wooster, 1996-1997)
  • Natural History of the Invertebrates (College of Wooster, 1996-1997)
  • General Biology: ½ semester biology of plants and non-animals unit (College of Wooster, team taught, 1996-1997)
  • General Biology: ½ semester of biology of populations unit (College of Wooster, team taught, 1996-1997)
  • Integrated Principles of Biology I: ½ semester biology of animals unit (postdoctoral teaching associate, University of Florida, team taught, 1995-1996)
  • Invertebrate Zoology (postdoctoral teaching associate, University of Florida, team taught, 1995-1996)
  • General Biology labs for majors (postdoctoral teaching associate, University of Florida, team taught, 1995-1996)
  • Evolution, Ecology, and Behavior, non-majors biology (University of Florida, 1995)
  • Guest lectures on osmoregulation, thermoregulation, and the endocrine system for Cells, Organisms, and Genetics (University of Florida, 1994)
  • Teaching Assistant for Evolution, Ecology, and Behavior (University of Florida, 1992)
  • Teaching Assistant for Invertebrate Zoology (University of Florida, 1991)
  • Teaching Assistant for General Biology labs for majors (University of Florida, 1990-1995)
  • Teaching Assistant for General Biology labs for majors and non-majors (Virginia Tech, 1985-1987)

 Media

  • 2010:  Interviewed in California by NBC affiliate television station about Solifugae research project
  • 2010:  Interviewed for Boomer Alley Radio in Los Angeles about scientific discoveries
  • 2010:  Newspaper article in Modesto Bee, "Spider -hunter seeks 'spawn of Satan': Arachnid research brings team to Del Puerto Canyon ( http://www.modbee.com/2010/05/30/1188305/spider-hunter-seeks-spawn-of-satan.html
  • 2010:  Newspaper article in Patterson Irrigator, "Research draws scientist to Del Puerto Canyon"
  • 2009:  Interviewed by Boulder Daily Camera for newspaper article, "Facing Your Fears"
  • 2008:  Interviewed by Rocky Mountain News about case of purported death from spider bite
  • 2008:  Interviewed for Rocky Mountain News article, "Untangling the web"
  • 2008:  Interviewed for Wyoming Tribune-Eagle for article "Spiders in the Backyard" (for Halloween)
  • 2008:  Interviewed by Denver Post for article about common fears
  • 2007:  On Channel 9 television news to plug DMNS program, "Spiderman Demystified"
  • 2007:  Interviewed for article in Wyoming Tribune-Eagle
  • 2006:  Interviewed by Lucky Duck Productions about Colorado Spider Survey for broadcast on The Animal Planet
  • 2006:  Interviewed by The Science Teacher for article, "Career of the Month: Dcience in the Workplace. Apr/May 2006 in The Science Teacher
  • Interviewed by Pueblo Chieftain for article about the Colorado Spider Survey
  • 2006:  Interviewed by SuperScience, Scholastic, Inc.
  • 2005:  Interviewed for article in Boulder paper on spiders
  • 2005:  Interviewed by Caspar Journal about spiders of medical importance
  • 2005:  Interviewed on Wyoming television and radio about lecture on spiders of medical importance
  • 2004:  Interviewed for "Been There, Done That" radio program from WHYY NPR station in Philadelphia
  • 2004:  Interviewed for article in Denver Post for article about arachnid program (Betsy Lindorf)
  • 2003:  Interviewed for article in Denver Post
  • 2002:  Interviewed for KOA radio about Eight Legged Freaks movie
  • 2001:  Interviewed for Colorado Public Radio show "Colorado Matters" about the Colorado Spider Survey
  •  2001: Interviewed for Utah Public Radio call-in show about CSS
  • 2000:  Interviewed for eCHIC.com magazine article about my career as a museum curator
  • 2000:  Interviewed for a Fort Collins Coloradoan article about the Colorado Spider Survey
  • 1999:  Wrote an article for The Range Ledger (Cheyenne Wells newspaper) about Spiders
  • 1999:  Interviewed at Channels 2, 4, and 9 to promote the First Annual Infested Festival
  • 1999:  Interviewed by The Denver Post for an article about the Colorado Spider Survey
  • 1999:  Interviewed by the Rocky Mountain News for an article about the Colorado Spider Survey
  • 1999:  Interviewed for an article about the fear of spiders in Women Outside magazine
  • 1998:   Interviewed by The Denver Post for an article about insects in the movies
  • 1998:  Interviewed on radio show, Chiropractic Connections about Entomophagy

 Invited talks

Cushing, P.E. 2010. Colorado Spider Survey: a citizen science project and how it works. Colorado Biology Teachers Association, Denver, CO

Cushing, P.E. 2005.On a Silken Thread, Master Gardener Conference, Casper, Wyoming.

Cushing, P.E. 2004. Spiders of Medical Importance, Zoonoses Conference, Denver, Colorado.

Cushing, P.E. 2000. Colorado Spider Survey. Colorado State University, Department of Biology.

Cushing, P.E. 1999. Myrmecophily in spiders. Colorado State University, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management.

Cushing, P.E. 1996. Adaptations of ant associates and ant mimics. Florida Entomological Society, Gainesville, Florida.

Talks, Posters, and Published abstracts

Cushing, P.E. & K. Prestwich. 2010. Respiration in locomotion and recovery from locomotion in Eremobates sp. (Solifugae). International Congress of Arachnology, Siedlce, Poland.

Cushing, P.E., R. Delph & A. Ladigo. 2009. Early instar development in camel spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Arkansas Tech University.

Stowe, M.K. & P.E. Cushing. 2009. Spiders in space: launching orb weaving spiders to the International Space Station. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Arkansas Tech University.

Cushing, P.E., J.O. Brookhart & L. Prendini. 2008. Structure of papillae on the pedipalps of solifuges - revisited. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, University of California at Berkeley.

Cushing, P.E. & A. Spriggs. 2008. Colorado Spider Survey and Denver Museum of Nature & Science arachnology collection - ten years later. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, University of California at Berkeley.

Cushing, P.E., L. Prendini, W.E. Savary, J.O. Brookhart, R.A. Wharton, T. Bird & A.V. Gromov. 2007. Global Survey and Inventory of Solifugae. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Susquehanna University, Pennsylvania.

Cushing, P.E., L. Prendini, W.E. Savary, J.O. Brookhart, R.A. Wharton, T. Bird & A.V. Gromov. 2007. Global Survey and Inventory of Solifugae. International Congress of Arachnology, São Pedro, Brazil.

Cushing, P.E. & J. Slowik. 2006. Colorado Spider Survey Update. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Baltimore, Maryland.

Cushing, P.E., J.O. Brookhart, L. Prendini, G.W. Mierau, L. Goin, H. Kleebe & P. Payne. 2006. Structure of papillae on the pedipalps of Solifugae (Arachnida, Solifugae). Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Baltimore, Maryland.

Stephenson, J., P.E. Cushing, V. Pliler, C.S. Ware. 2006. Effect of residual anti-parasitic compound in meat on museum dermestid beetle colony. Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, New Mexico.

Cushing, P.E. & J. Slowik. 2005. Re-curation of specimens preserved in degraded alcohol: testing alternative techniques. Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, London, England.

Cushing, P.E. & J.O. Brookhart. 2005. The suctorial organ of the Solifugae. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Akron, Ohio.

Cushing, P.E., D. Ubick & P. Paquin. 2004. Spiders of North America: an identification manual. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Norman, Oklahoma.

Cushing, P.E., D. Ubick & P. Paquin. 2004. Spiders of North America: an identification manual. Congress of the International Society of Arachnology, Ghent, Belgium.

Cushing, P.E., P. Paquin & N. Dupérré. 2003. Spider Genera of North America revision project update. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Denver, Colorado.

Montoya, L., C. Tuell, & P.E. Cushing. 2003. A comparison of the femoral gland of Zodarion rubidium (Araneae, Zodariidae) with that of other species of Zodariidae. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Denver, Colorado.

Betzen, N. & P.E. Cushing. 2003. Tarantulas of Colorado. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Denver, Colorado.

Cushing, P.E. 2002. Spider Genera of North America revision project. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Riverside, California.

Cushing, P.E. 2001. Colorado Spider Survey update. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Keene, New Hampshire.

Cushing, P.E. 1994. Details of the natural history and ecology of a spider ant-guest. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Gainesville, Florida.

Cushing, P.E. 1994. Using molecular techniques to study a spider ant-guest. Society for the Study of Evolution , Georgia Center for Continuing Education, Athens, Georgia.

Cushing, P.E. 1989. Eggsac defense in the spider Uloborus glomosus (Uloboridae). Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Cushing, P.E. 1987. A study of disturbance behaviors in Uloborus glomosus as possible predator avoidance strategies. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Opell, B.D. & P.E. Cushing. 1984. Visual field of orb-web and single-line-web spiders of the family Uloboridae. Annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.

^ Back to Top